How Should Musculoskeletal Biopsies Be Performed?
Andreas F. Mavrogenis, MD; Andrea Angelini, MD; Costantino Errani, MD; Eugenio Rimondi, MD
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The Radiologist’s Perspective
Currently, imaging-guided closed biopsy with ultrasonography (Figure 1
) or computed tomography (CT) (Figure 2
) is the gold standard for musculoskeletal tumors because of low cost, low risk of tumor spread and contamination, and minimal invasiveness for the patient.2
Imaging-guided closed biopsy increases the accuracy and reduces the risk of complications of the biopsy, especially for deep-seated tumors…